Inflammatory Eye Diseases
Also known Inflammation of the retina, retinitis is usually followed by
inflammations of the vitreous body, retinal vessels and especially of
the choroid. Retinitis leads to a secretion of cells into the vitreous
body and, if serious, vision will be affected. If the inflammation affects
the macular area there will be a loss of central vision. Haemorrhages
and oedema (producing a blurring of the margins of the optic disc) are
also usually present.
Uveitis is a general term describing a group of inflammatory diseases that
produces swelling and destroys eye tissues. These diseases can slightly
reduce vision or lead to severe vision loss. The term "uveitis"
is used because the diseases often affect a part of the eye called the
uvea. Nevertheless, uveitis is not limited to the uvea. These diseases
also affect the lens, retina, optic nerve, and vitreous, producing reduced
vision or blindness.
Uveitis may be caused by problems or diseases occurring in the eye or it
can be part of an inflammatory disease affecting other parts of the body.
It can happen at all ages and primarily affects people between 20 –
60 years old.
Uveitis can last for a short (acute) or a long (chronic) time. The severest
forms of uveitis reoccur many times.
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