Retinitis & Uveitis

Inflammatory Eye Diseases

Retinitis

Also known Inflammation of the retina, retinitis is usually followed by inflammations of the vitreous body, retinal vessels and especially of the choroid. Retinitis leads to a secretion of cells into the vitreous body and, if serious, vision will be affected. If the inflammation affects the macular area there will be a loss of central vision. Haemorrhages and oedema (producing a blurring of the margins of the optic disc) are also usually present.

Uveitis

Uveitis is a general term describing a group of inflammatory diseases that produces swelling and destroys eye tissues. These diseases can slightly reduce vision or lead to severe vision loss. The term "uveitis" is used because the diseases often affect a part of the eye called the uvea. Nevertheless, uveitis is not limited to the uvea. These diseases also affect the lens, retina, optic nerve, and vitreous, producing reduced vision or blindness.

Uveitis may be caused by problems or diseases occurring in the eye or it can be part of an inflammatory disease affecting other parts of the body. It can happen at all ages and primarily affects people between 20 – 60 years old.

Uveitis can last for a short (acute) or a long (chronic) time. The severest forms of uveitis reoccur many times.

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