The Retina

Retina Structure

The retina is divided into two areas: the central area or “macula” and the peripheral retina. The macula has the highest concentration of retinal cells and provides the sharpest vision. We need our macula to read fine print and thread a needle. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in America. Peripheral vision utilizes the peripheral retina which is critical for many activities such as driving and playing sports. A common disease of the peripheral retina is a retinal tear. This can lead to a retinal detachment and loss of peripheral, and ultimately central vision, as well.

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